India and Finland to establish virtual Center of Excellence (CoE) in quantum computing

Quantum computing – a rapidly emerging technology has reshaped human understanding. It exploits the laws of quantum mechanics to solve problems too complex for classical computers of the current generation.

India has also recognized the power of quantum computing. As a result, the quantum computing ecosystem has grown rapidly under the current regime. The Indian government declared quantum technology a “Mission of National Importance” in 2019. With the establishment of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM), the nation is on the path to establishing quantum supremacy on the world stage.

In a similar vein, India and Finland recently discussed possible areas of cooperation in quantum computing for the Virtual Center of Excellence (CoE). During the discussion, delegates from India and Finland discussed a roadmap for the collaborative virtual center of excellence (CoE) that is planned to be established.

During the meeting, the Secretary of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Dr S Chandrasekhar, said that “both countries are trying to get academic and industrial partners who can help develop science and technology. quantum technology for the benefit of humanity in particular and the planet in particular”. general. We are committed to achieving global excellence in this field to obtain the best possible technologies in the shortest possible time.

He also stressed the need to identify the strengths and weaknesses of both countries in this area and work together on a plan to overcome the weaknesses by establishing a core group that will drive the initiative.

On the other hand, Petri Peltonen, Undersecretary of State, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, Finland, stressed the need to combine the best of Finland with the best of India, to use the science ecosystems and the strong computing communities of both countries and strengthen them in ways that facilitate spillovers.

NSM: Strengthening supercomputing in India

The mission was set up to provide the country with supercomputing infrastructure to meet the increased computing demands of universities, researchers, MSMEs and startups by creating the capacity to design and manufacture supercomputers locally in India.

The mission is a first of its kind in an attempt to boost the nation’s computing power, the National Super Computing Mission is jointly piloted by the Ministry of Electronics and Computing (MeitY) and the Department of Science and technology (DST) and implemented by Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.

Understanding Quantum Computers

Harnessing the phenomena of quantum mechanics, quantum computing is a leap forward in solving complex problems that today’s most powerful computers cannot and will not be able to solve in the future. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that for some complex problems, supercomputers aren’t so great.

Why are quantum computers considered fast?

To represent large and complex problems, quantum computers are able to create vast multidimensional spaces, which classical supercomputers are unable to do. Simply put, algorithms that use quantum wave interference are used to find solutions in this vast multidimensional space and translate them into forms that scientists can understand, allowing them to approach and solve problems. Quantum computing depends on bits that have quantum physical properties called qubits.

Traditional computer bits are either “0” or “1”, but qubits can be in both states simultaneously, which is a quantum property represented by a superposition. These machines are very different from conventional computers that have been around for more than half a century

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